Like any other surgical procedure, bariatric surgery too has its share of pros and cons. For people who do not suffer from morbid obesity, the pros of bariatric surgery overshadow its negatives.
Some of the advantages of weight loss surgery are:
Bariatric patients benefit from weight loss success in the long run. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), over 90% of severely obese bariatric patients are able to keep off 50% or more of the excess weight lost successfully. Among the morbidly obese, nearly 80% of them are able to keep of more than half of the weight loss in the long run.
Better Health and Resolution of Co-morbidities
Reduction in mortality rates after bariatric surgery is a direct outcome of the resolution of the co-morbidities of obesity. Some of the health conditions that can be aggravated by obesity but which get resolved in bariatric patients are:
- Hypertension or High Blood Pressure (HBP)
- Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)
- Abnormal Cholesterol
- Sleep Apnea
- Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- Stress Incontinence
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
According to a Study by Stacy A. Brethauer published in the Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, individuals with a BMI of 45 or more in their 20s have a life expectancy shorter by 13 years. However, there are a number of observational studies which point that people who have undergone bariatric surgery have lower mortality rates than individuals who have not had surgery at all.
A study by Christou et al 1 found that in a group of individuals who had had bariatric surgery, mortality rates dropped by almost 89% over a period of 5 years.
Improved Quality of Life
Post bariatric patients experience decreased depression and better emotional health. They have enhanced sense of wellbeing. They report higher energy levels and lead a more active life.
- Christou NV, Sampalis JS, Liberman M, et al. Surgery decreases longterm mortality, morbidity, and health care use in morbidly obese patients. Ann Surg 2004; 240:416–423; discussion 423–424
All you need is a strong resolve to lose weight and regain good health!